Hypnosis is created by the hypnotist in much the same way as the environment. The hypnotist uses a state of anxiety which leads to hypnosis. It is not created by a state of relaxation.
Changes that occur during hypnosis as a result of the fight/flight mechanism:
- Changes in breathing.
- Dryness of the lips and throat.
- Rapid eye movement.
Suggestibility can be defined as the manner in which an individual receives and interprets input (i.e., message units) or how the individual was communicated with from infancy to adulthood.
Prior to 1967, hypnotists used one of three basic approaches to induce the hypnotic state. These were:
Dr. Wilson has studied Kappasinian methods where Dr. Kappas found that there were different types of suggestibility. This explained why the direct, literal suggestions were not working with some of the population.
HOW SUGGESTIBILITY IS LEARNED
Initially, learning is accomplished through our primary caretaker (e.g., mother), from birth to approximately age five. From ages six to nine, the child’s suggestibility is also influenced by his peers, teachers, and others. From ages nine to fourteen, the secondary caretaker (e.g., father) begins to influence the child’s suggestibility.
Every interpersonal message is made up of three parts:
- Verbal content
- Extraverbal (non-spoken) content
- The state of mind of the receiver
If mother disciplines (e.g. spanks) the child and then rewards (e.g., hugs, kisses, etc.) the child, the idea of physical sensations being rewarded is reinforced. If mother does not give any reward, the opposite can occur and ego sensations become repressed.
The physical suggestible places their physical body out front and protects their emotions, particularly when fearing rejection. The emotional suggestible places defensive emotions out front (e.g., fear, embarrassment, discomfort) to protect their physical body and therefore protect their fear of loss of control.
Definition: A suggestible behavior characterized by a high degree of responsiveness to inferred suggestions, affecting emotions and restriction of physical body responses; usually associated with hypnoidal depth. Thus, the emotional suggestible person learns more by inference than by direct, literal suggestions.
Definition: A suggestible behavior characterized by a high degree of responsiveness to literal suggestions, affecting the body and restriction of emotional responses; usually associated with cataleptic stages or deeper.
A physical suggestible is right-brain dominant, while an emotional suggestible is left-brain dominant.
A somnambulist is an individual who has 50/50 suggestibility (i.e., 50% physical suggestible, 50% emotional suggestible). This type will respond equally well to all suggestions, both direct and inferred, affecting both the body and the emotions.
This type of person is very analytical, having an Emotional Suggestibility score of 80% or higher. The intellectual suggestible fears being controlled by the hypnotist, and is constantly trying to analyze, reject or rationalize everything the hypnotist says.
The physical suggestible individual learns literally and directly, but speaks in metaphors and inferences. The emotional suggestible learns indirectly and inferentially, but speaks directly and literally.
Example: Would you tell me your name?
The Physical would respond Yes.
The Emotional would respond by telling you their name.